OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

Publications

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Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2019.  Can large carnivores change streams via a trophic cascade? Ecohydrology. 12(1):e2048.
Ripple W.J., Wirsing A.J., Beschta R.L., Buskirk S.W..  2011.  Can Restoring Wolves Aid in Lynx Recovery? Wildlife Society Bulletin. 35(4):514-518.
Hayek MN, Harwatt H, Ripple W.J., Mueller ND.  2020.  The carbon opportunity cost of animal-sourced food production on land. Nature Sustainability.
Buotte P.C., Law B.E., Ripple W.J., Berner L.T..  2020.  Carbon sequestration and biodiversity co-benefits of preserving forests in the western United States. Ecological Applications. 30(2):e02039.
Newsome T.M., Ripple W.J..  2015.  Carnivore coexistence: Trophic cascades. Science. 347:383-383.
van Eeden LM, Eklund A, Miller J.R.B., Lopez-Bao J.V., Chapron G., Cejtin M.R., Crowther M.S., Dickman C.R., Frank J., Krofel M et al..  2018.  Carnivore conservation needs evidence based livestock protection. PLoS Biol. 16(9):e2005577.
Ripple W.J., Newsome T.M., Wolf C., Dirzo R., Everatt K.T., Galetti M., Hayward M.W., Kerley G.I.H., Levi T., Lindsey P.A. et al..  2015.  Collapse of the world's largest herbivores. Science Advances. 1(4)
Ripple W.J., Smith P., Haberl H., Montzka S.A., McAlpine C., Boucher D.H..  2014.  Commentary: Ruminants, climate change and climate policy. Nature Climate Change. 4:2-5.
Wirsing A.J., Ripple W.J..  2011.  A comparison of shark and wolf research reveals similar behavioral responses by prey. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 9(6):335-341.
Ripple W.J., Chapron G., Lopez-Bao J.V., Durant S.M., Macdonald D.W., Lindsey P.A., Bennett E.L., Beschta R.L..  2017.  Conserving the World's Megafauna and Biodiversity: The Fierce Urgency of Now. Bioscience. 67(3):197-200.
Eisenberg C., Hibbs D.E., Ripple W.J., Salwasser H..  2014.  Context dependence of elk (Cervus elaphus) vigilance and wolf (Canis lupus) predation risk. Can. J. Zool. 92:727-736.
Newsome T.A., Ripple W.J..  2014.  A continental scale trophic cascade from wolves through coyotes to foxes. Journal of Animal Ecology.
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Laundre J.W., Hernandez L., Ripple W.J..  2010.  The Landscape of Fear: Ecological Implications of Being Afraid. The Open Ecology Journal. 3:1-7.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2020.  Large carnivore extirpation linked to loss of overstory aspen in Yellowstone. Food Webs. :e00140.
Ripple W.J., Miller S.D., Schoen J.W., Rabinowitch S.P..  2019.  Large carnivores under assault in Alaska. PLoS Biol. 17(1):e3000090.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2009.  Large predators and trophic cascades in terrestrial ecosystems of the western United States. Biological Conservation. 142:2401-2414.
Ripple W.J., Rooney T.P., Beschta R.L..  2010.  Large Predators, Deer, and Trophic Cascades in Boreal and Temperate Ecosystems. Trophic Cascades: Predators, Prey, and the Changing Dynamics of Nature, edited by J. Terborgh and J. Estes.. :141-161.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2012.  Large predators limit herbivore densities in northern forest ecosystems. Eur J Wildl Res. 58(4)
Wolf C., Betts M.G., Levi T., Newsome T.M., Ripple W.J..  2018.  Large species within carnivora are large carnivores. Royal Society Open Science. 5:181228.
Letnic M., Ripple W.J..  2017.  Large-scale responses of herbivore prey to canid predators and primary productivity. Global Ecol Biogeogr.
Halofsky J., Ripple W.J..  2008.  Linkages between wolf presence and aspen recruitment in the Gallatin elk winter range of southwestern Montana, USA.. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research. 81(2):195-207.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2006.  Linking a cougar decline, trophic cascade, and catastrophic regime shift in Zion National Park.. Biological Conservation. 133:397-408.
Ripple W.J., Valkenburgh B.V..  2010.  Linking Top-down Forces to the Pleistocene Megafaunal Extinctions. BioScience. 60(7):516-526.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2005.  Linking Wolves and Plants: Aldo Leopold on Trophic Cascades.. BioScience. 55(7):613-621.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2006.  Linking wolves to willows via risk-sensitive foraging by ungulates in the northern Yellowstone ecosystem.. Forest Ecology and Management. 230(1-3):96-106.
Beschta R.L., Painter L.E., Levi T., Ripple W.J..  2016.  Long-term aspen dynamics, trophic cascades, and climate in northern Yellowstone National Park. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 46:548-556.
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Laliberte A.S., Ripple W.J..  2004.  Range Contractions of North American Carnivores and Ungulates.. BioScience. 54(2):123-138.
Wolf C., Ripple W.J..  2017.  Range contractions of the world’s large carnivores. R. Soc. open sci.. 4(170052)
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2005.  Rapid Assessment of Riparian Cottonwood Recruitment: Middle Fork John Day River, Northeastern Oregon.. Ecological Restoration. 23(3):150-156.
Halofsky J.S., Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2008.  Recoupling fire and aspen recruitment after wolf reintroduction in Yellowstone National Park, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 256:1004-1008.
Painter L.E., Beschta R.L., Larsen E.J., Ripple W.J..  2015.  Recovering aspen follow changing elk dynamics in Yellowstone: evidence of a trophic cascade? Ecology. 96(1):252-263.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2010.  Recovering Riparian Plant Communities with Wolves in Northern Yellowstone, USA. Restoration Ecology. 18(3):380-389.
Swain M, Blomqvist L, McNamara J, Ripple W.J..  2017.  Reducing the environmental impact of global diets. Science of the Total Environment. 610-611:1207–1209.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2005.  Refugia from browsing as reference sites for restoration planning.. Western North American Naturalist. 65(2):269-273.
Lindsey P.A., Chapron G., Petracca L.S., Burnham D., Hayward M.W., Henschel P., Hinks A.E., Garnett S.T., Macdonald D.W., Macdonald E.A. et al..  2017.  Relative efforts of countries to conserve world’s megafauna. Global Ecology and Conservation. 10:243–252.
Larsen E.J., Ripple W.J..  1997.  Remote Sensing of Aspen Change in Northern Yellowstone National Park..
Newsome T.M., Ballard G.A., Crowther M.S., Dellinger J.A., Fleming P.J.S., Glen A.S., Greenville A.C., Johnson C.N., Letnic M., Moseby K.E. et al..  2015.  Resolving the value of the dingo in ecological restoration. Restoration Ecology. 23(3):201-208.
Batchelor J.L., Ripple W.J., Wilson T.M., Painter L.E..  2015.  Restoration of Riparian Areas Following the Removal of Cattle in the Northwestern Great Basin. Environmental Management. 55(4):930–942.
Manning A.D., Gordon I.J., Ripple W.J..  2009.  Restoring landscapes of fear with wolves in the Scottish Highlands. Biological Conservation.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2007.  Restoring Yellowstone's aspen with wolves.. Biological Conservation. 138:514-519.
Everatt K.T., Andresen L., Ripple W.J., Kerley G.I.H..  2016.  Rhino poaching may cause atypical trophic cascades. Frontiers in Ecology and Environment. 14:65-67.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2016.  Riparian vegetation recovery in Yellowstone: The first two decades after wolf reintroduction. Biological Conservation. 198:93-103.
Prugh L.R., Stoner C.J., Epps C.W., Bean W.T., Ripple W.J., Laliberte A.S., Brashares J.S..  2009.  The Rise of the Mesopredator. Bioscience. 59(9):779-791.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2006.  River channel dynamics following extirpation of wolves in northwestern Yellowstone National Park,USA.. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 31:1525-1539.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2012.  The role of large predators in maintaining riparian plant communities and river morphology. Geomorphology. 157-158:88-98.
Ripple W.J., Larsen E.J..  2001.  The Role of Postfire Coarse Woody Debris in Aspen Regeneration.. Western North American Naturalist. 16(2):61-64.
Ripple W.J., Wolf C., Galetti M., Newsome T.M., Green T.L., Alamgir M, Crist E, Mahmoud M.I., Laurance W.F..  2018.  The Role of Scientists’ Warning in Shifting Policy from Growth to Conservation Economy. Bioscience. 68(4):239-240.
Rosenblatt A.E., Heithaus M.R., Mather M.E., Matich P., Nifong J.C., Ripple W.J., Silliman. B.R..  2013.  The Roles of Large Top Predators in Coastal Ecosystems: New Insights from Long Term Ecological Research. Oceanography. 26(3):156-167.
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Ripple W.J., Meijaard E., Newsome T.M..  2018.  Saving the World with Satire: A Response to Chapron et al.. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 33(7):483-484.
Ripple W.J., Chapron G., Lopez-Bao J.V., Durant S.M., Macdonald D.W., Lindsey P.A., Bennett E.L., Beschta R.L., Bruskotter J.T., Campos-Arceiz A. et al..  2016.  Saving the World's Terrestrial Megafauna. BioScience. 66(10):807-812.
Harwatt H, Ripple W.J., Chaudhary A, Betts M.G., Hayek MN.  2019.  Scientists call for renewed Paris pledges to transform agriculture. The Lancet Planetary Health.
Heleno R.H., Ripple W.J., Traveset A.  2020.  Scientists’ warning on endangered food webs. Web Ecology. 20:1-10.
Albert JS, Destouni G, Duke-Sylvester SM, Magurran AE, Oberdorff T, Reis RE, Winemiller KO, Ripple W.J..  2020.  Scientists’ warning to humanity on the freshwater biodiversity crisis. Ambio.
Gordon C.E., Eldridge D.J., Ripple W.J., Crowther M.S., Moore B.D., Letnic M..  2016.  Shrub encroachment is linked to extirpation of an apex predator. Journal of Animal Ecology. 86(1):147-157.
Greenville A.C., Newsome T.M., Wardle G.M., Dickman C.R., Ripple W.J., Murray B.R..  2020.  Simultaneously operating threats cannot predict extinction risk. Conservation Letters. e12758
Brown C, Rinaldi CE, Ripple W.J., Van Valkenburgh B..  2020.  Skeletal and Dental Development Preserve Evidence of Energetic Stress in the Moose of Isle Royale. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.
Ripple W.J., Wolf C., Newsome T.M., Hoffmann M., Wirsing A.J., McCauley D.J..  2017.  Smallest terrestrial vertebrates are highly imperiled. PNAS.
Malcom J, Schwartz M.W., Evansen M., Ripple W.J., Polasky S., Gerber L.R., Lovejoy T.E., Talbot L.M., Miller J.R.B..  2019.  Solve the biodiversity crisis with funding. Science. 365(6459):1256.
Ripple W.J., Estes J.A., Beschta R.L., Wilmers C.C., Ritchie E.G., Hebblewhite M., Berger J., Elmhagen B., Letnic M., Nelson M.P et al..  2014.  Status and Ecological Effects of the World's Largest Carnivores. Science. 343(6167)
Harwatt H, Sabate J, Eshel G, Soret S, Ripple W.J..  2017.  Substituting beans for beef as a contribution toward US climate change targets. Climatic Change.
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Shackelford N, Standish R.J., Ripple W.J., Starzomski B.M..  2018.  Threats to biodiversity from cumulative human impacts in one of North America's last wildlife frontiers. Conservation Biology. 32(3):672-684.
Newsome T.M., Greenville A.C., Cirovic D, Dickman C.R., Johnson C.N., Krofel M, Letnic M., Ripple W.J., Ritchie E.G., Stoyanov S et al..  2017.  Top predators constrain mesopredator distributions. Nature Communications. 8(15469)
Sergio F., Schmitz O.J., Krebs C.J., Holt R.D., Heithaus M.R., Wirsing A.J., Ripple W.J., Ritchie E., Ainley D., Oro D. et al..  2014.  Towards a cohesive, holistic view of top predation: a definition, synthesis and perspective. Oikos Journal. 123:1234-1243.
McAlpine C.A., Seabrook L.M., Ryan J.G., Feeney B.J., Ripple W.J., Ehrlich A.H., Ehrlich P.R..  2015.  Transformational change: creating a safe operating space for humanity. Ecology and Society. 20(1)
Ripple W.J., Larsen E.J., Renkin R.A., Smith D.W..  2001.  Trophic Cascades among wolves, elk and aspen on Yellowstone National Park's northern range.. Biological Conservation. 102:227-234.
Beschta R.L., Painter L.E., Ripple W.J..  2018.  Trophic cascades at multiple spatial scales shape recovery of young aspen in Yellowstone. Forest Ecology and Management. 413:62-69.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L., Painter L.E..  2015.  Trophic cascades from wolves to alders in Yellowstone. Forest Ecology and Management. 354:254-260.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L., Fortin J.K., Robbins C.T..  2013.  Trophic cascades from wolves to grizzly bears in Yellowstone. Journal of Animal Ecology. 83(1):223-233.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2012.  Trophic cascades in Yellowstone: The first 15 years after wolf reintroduction. Biological Conservation. 145:205-213.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2008.  Trophic cascades involving cougar, mule deer, and black oaks in Yosemite National Park. Biological Conservation. 141(5):1249-1256.
Miller B.J., Harlow H.J., Harlow T.S., Biggins D., Ripple W.J..  2012.  Trophic cascades linking wolves (Canis lupus), coyotes (Canis latrans), and small mammals. Can. J. Zool.. 90:70-78.
Estes J.A., Terborgh J., Brashares J.S., Power M.E., Berger J., Bond W.J., Carpenter S.R., Essington T.E., Holt R.D., Jackson J.B.C. et al..  2011.  Trophic Downgrading of Planet Earth. Science. 333:301-306.
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Johns D, Terborgh J., Estes J.A., Foreman D, Miller B.J., Noss R, Soule M.E., Ripple W.J..  2017.  We Need a Biologically Sound North American Conservation Plan. Bioscience.
Ripple W.J., Estes J.A., Schmitz O.J., Constant V., Kaylor M.J., Lenz A., Motley J.L., Self K.E., Taylor D.S., Wolf andC.  2016.  What is a Trophic Cascade? Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 31(11):824-849.
Wallach A.D., Izhaki I., Toms J.D., Ripple W.J., Shanas U..  2015.  What is an apex predator? Oikos. 124(11):1453-1461.
Newsome T.M., Bruskotter J.T., Ripple W.J..  2015.  When shooting a coyote kills a wolf: Mistaken identity or misguided management? Biodivers Conserv. 24(12)
Ripple W.J., Wirsing A.J., Wilmers C.C., Letnic M..  2013.  Widespread mesopredator effects after wolf extirpation. Biological Conservation. 160:70-79.
Laliberte A.S., Ripple W.J..  2003.  Wildlife Encounters by Lewis and Clark: A Spatial Analysis of Interactions between Native Americans and Wildlife.. BioScience. 53(10):994-1003.
Gray T.N.E., Hughes A.C., Laurance W.F., Long B., Lynam A.J., O'Kelly H., Ripple W.J., Seng T., Scotson L., Wilkinson N.M..  2018.  The wildlife snaring crisis: an insidious and pervasive threat to biodiversity in Southeast Asia. Biodivers Conserv. 27:1031–1037.
Gray T.N.E., Lynam A.J., Seng T., Laurance W.F., Long B., Scotson L., Ripple W.J..  2017.  Wildlife-snaring crisis in Asian forests. Science. 355(6322):255-256.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2005.  Willow thickets protect young aspen from elk browsing after wolf reintroduction.. Western North American Naturalist. 65(1):118-122.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2003.  Wolf reintroduction, predation risk, and cottonwood recovery in Yellowstone National Park.. Forest Ecology and Management. 184:299-313.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2018.  Wolf-triggered trophic cascades and stream channel dynamics in Olympic National Park: a comment on East et al.. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2004.  Wolves and the Ecology of Fear: Can Predation Risk Structure Ecosystems? BioScience. 54(8):755-766.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2007.  Wolves, elk, and aspen in the winter range of Jasper National Park, Canada.. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37:1873-1885.
Ripple W.J., Painter L.E., Beschta R.L., Gates C.C..  2010.  Wolves, Elk, Bison, and Secondary Trophic Cascades in Yellowstone National Park. The Open Ecology Journal. 3:31-37.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2004.  Wolves, elk, willows, and trophic cascades in the upper Gallatin Range of Southwestern Montana, USA.. Forest Ecology and Management. 200:161-181.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L., Fortin J.K., Robbins C.T..  2015.  Wolves trigger a trophic cascade to berries as alternative food for grizzly bears. Journal of Animal Ecology. 84:652-654.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2008.  Wolves, trophic cascades, and rivers in the Olympic National Park, USA. Ecohydrology. 1:118-130.
Ripple W.J., Wolf C., Newsome T.M., Barnard P, Moomaw WR.  2020.  World Scientists’ Warning of a Climate Emergency. BioScience. 70(1):8–12.
Ripple W.J., Wolf C., Newsome T.M., Galetti M., Alamgir M, Crist E, Mahmoud M.I., Laurance W.F..  2017.  World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice. Bioscience.