OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

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Ripple W.J., Wolf C., Newsome T.M., Galetti M., Alamgir M, Crist E, Mahmoud M.I., Laurance W.F..  2017.  World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice. Bioscience.
Ripple W.J., Wolf C., Newsome T.M., Barnard P, Moomaw WR.  2020.  World Scientists’ Warning of a Climate Emergency. BioScience. 70(1):8–12.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2008.  Wolves, trophic cascades, and rivers in the Olympic National Park, USA. Ecohydrology. 1:118-130.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L., Fortin J.K., Robbins C.T..  2015.  Wolves trigger a trophic cascade to berries as alternative food for grizzly bears. Journal of Animal Ecology. 84:652-654.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2004.  Wolves, elk, willows, and trophic cascades in the upper Gallatin Range of Southwestern Montana, USA.. Forest Ecology and Management. 200:161-181.
Ripple W.J., Painter L.E., Beschta R.L., Gates C.C..  2010.  Wolves, Elk, Bison, and Secondary Trophic Cascades in Yellowstone National Park. The Open Ecology Journal. 3:31-37.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2007.  Wolves, elk, and aspen in the winter range of Jasper National Park, Canada.. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 37:1873-1885.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2004.  Wolves and the Ecology of Fear: Can Predation Risk Structure Ecosystems? BioScience. 54(8):755-766.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2018.  Wolf-triggered trophic cascades and stream channel dynamics in Olympic National Park: a comment on East et al.. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2003.  Wolf reintroduction, predation risk, and cottonwood recovery in Yellowstone National Park.. Forest Ecology and Management. 184:299-313.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2005.  Willow thickets protect young aspen from elk browsing after wolf reintroduction.. Western North American Naturalist. 65(1):118-122.
Gray T.N.E., Lynam A.J., Seng T., Laurance W.F., Long B., Scotson L., Ripple W.J..  2017.  Wildlife-snaring crisis in Asian forests. Science. 355(6322):255-256.
Gray T.N.E., Hughes A.C., Laurance W.F., Long B., Lynam A.J., O'Kelly H., Ripple W.J., Seng T., Scotson L., Wilkinson N.M..  2018.  The wildlife snaring crisis: an insidious and pervasive threat to biodiversity in Southeast Asia. Biodivers Conserv. 27:1031–1037.
Laliberte A.S., Ripple W.J..  2003.  Wildlife Encounters by Lewis and Clark: A Spatial Analysis of Interactions between Native Americans and Wildlife.. BioScience. 53(10):994-1003.
Ripple W.J., Wirsing A.J., Wilmers C.C., Letnic M..  2013.  Widespread mesopredator effects after wolf extirpation. Biological Conservation. 160:70-79.
Newsome T.M., Bruskotter J.T., Ripple W.J..  2015.  When shooting a coyote kills a wolf: Mistaken identity or misguided management? Biodivers Conserv. 24(12)
Wallach A.D., Izhaki I., Toms J.D., Ripple W.J., Shanas U..  2015.  What is an apex predator? Oikos. 124(11):1453-1461.
Ripple W.J., Estes J.A., Schmitz O.J., Constant V., Kaylor M.J., Lenz A., Motley J.L., Self K.E., Taylor D.S., Wolf andC.  2016.  What is a Trophic Cascade? Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 31(11):824-849.
Johns D, Terborgh J., Estes J.A., Foreman D, Miller B.J., Noss R, Soule M.E., Ripple W.J..  2017.  We Need a Biologically Sound North American Conservation Plan. Bioscience.
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Estes J.A., Terborgh J., Brashares J.S., Power M.E., Berger J., Bond W.J., Carpenter S.R., Essington T.E., Holt R.D., Jackson J.B.C. et al..  2011.  Trophic Downgrading of Planet Earth. Science. 333:301-306.
Miller B.J., Harlow H.J., Harlow T.S., Biggins D., Ripple W.J..  2012.  Trophic cascades linking wolves (Canis lupus), coyotes (Canis latrans), and small mammals. Can. J. Zool.. 90:70-78.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2008.  Trophic cascades involving cougar, mule deer, and black oaks in Yosemite National Park. Biological Conservation. 141(5):1249-1256.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2012.  Trophic cascades in Yellowstone: The first 15 years after wolf reintroduction. Biological Conservation. 145:205-213.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L., Fortin J.K., Robbins C.T..  2013.  Trophic cascades from wolves to grizzly bears in Yellowstone. Journal of Animal Ecology. 83(1):223-233.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L., Painter L.E..  2015.  Trophic cascades from wolves to alders in Yellowstone. Forest Ecology and Management. 354:254-260.
Beschta R.L., Painter L.E., Ripple W.J..  2018.  Trophic cascades at multiple spatial scales shape recovery of young aspen in Yellowstone. Forest Ecology and Management. 413:62-69.
Ripple W.J., Larsen E.J., Renkin R.A., Smith D.W..  2001.  Trophic Cascades among wolves, elk and aspen on Yellowstone National Park's northern range.. Biological Conservation. 102:227-234.
McAlpine C.A., Seabrook L.M., Ryan J.G., Feeney B.J., Ripple W.J., Ehrlich A.H., Ehrlich P.R..  2015.  Transformational change: creating a safe operating space for humanity. Ecology and Society. 20(1)
Sergio F., Schmitz O.J., Krebs C.J., Holt R.D., Heithaus M.R., Wirsing A.J., Ripple W.J., Ritchie E., Ainley D., Oro D. et al..  2014.  Towards a cohesive, holistic view of top predation: a definition, synthesis and perspective. Oikos Journal. 123:1234-1243.
Newsome T.M., Greenville A.C., Cirovic D, Dickman C.R., Johnson C.N., Krofel M, Letnic M., Ripple W.J., Ritchie E.G., Stoyanov S et al..  2017.  Top predators constrain mesopredator distributions. Nature Communications. 8(15469)
Shackelford N, Standish R.J., Ripple W.J., Starzomski B.M..  2018.  Threats to biodiversity from cumulative human impacts in one of North America's last wildlife frontiers. Conservation Biology. 32(3):672-684.
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Harwatt H, Sabate J, Eshel G, Soret S, Ripple W.J..  2017.  Substituting beans for beef as a contribution toward US climate change targets. Climatic Change.
Ripple W.J., Estes J.A., Beschta R.L., Wilmers C.C., Ritchie E.G., Hebblewhite M., Berger J., Elmhagen B., Letnic M., Nelson M.P et al..  2014.  Status and Ecological Effects of the World's Largest Carnivores. Science. 343(6167)
Malcom J, Schwartz M.W., Evansen M., Ripple W.J., Polasky S., Gerber L.R., Lovejoy T.E., Talbot L.M., Miller J.R.B..  2019.  Solve the biodiversity crisis with funding. Science. 365(6459):1256.
Ripple W.J., Wolf C., Newsome T.M., Hoffmann M., Wirsing A.J., McCauley D.J..  2017.  Smallest terrestrial vertebrates are highly imperiled. PNAS.
Millward L.S., Wilson T.M., Weldy M.J., Rowland M.M., Duarte A., Lesmeister D.B., Ripple W.J..  2022.  Small mammal relative abundance within riparian ecosystems of the Blue Mountains. Forest Ecology and Management. 505
Brown C, Rinaldi CE, Ripple W.J., Van Valkenburgh B..  2020.  Skeletal and Dental Development Preserve Evidence of Energetic Stress in the Moose of Isle Royale. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.
Greenville A.C., Newsome T.M., Wardle G.M., Dickman C.R., Ripple W.J., Murray B.R..  2020.  Simultaneously operating threats cannot predict extinction risk. Conservation Letters. e12758
Gordon C.E., Eldridge D.J., Ripple W.J., Crowther M.S., Moore B.D., Letnic M..  2016.  Shrub encroachment is linked to extirpation of an apex predator. Journal of Animal Ecology. 86(1):147-157.
Albert JS, Destouni G, Duke-Sylvester SM, Magurran AE, Oberdorff T, Reis RE, Winemiller KO, Ripple W.J..  2020.  Scientists’ warning to humanity on the freshwater biodiversity crisis. Ambio.
Heleno R.H., Ripple W.J., Traveset A.  2020.  Scientists’ warning on endangered food webs. Web Ecology. 20:1-10.
Harwatt H, Ripple W.J., Chaudhary A, Betts M.G., Hayek MN.  2019.  Scientists call for renewed Paris pledges to transform agriculture. The Lancet Planetary Health.
Ripple W.J., Chapron G., Lopez-Bao J.V., Durant S.M., Macdonald D.W., Lindsey P.A., Bennett E.L., Beschta R.L., Bruskotter J.T., Campos-Arceiz A. et al..  2016.  Saving the World's Terrestrial Megafauna. BioScience. 66(10):807-812.
Ripple W.J., Meijaard E., Newsome T.M..  2018.  Saving the World with Satire: A Response to Chapron et al.. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 33(7):483-484.
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Rosenblatt A.E., Heithaus M.R., Mather M.E., Matich P., Nifong J.C., Ripple W.J., Silliman. B.R..  2013.  The Roles of Large Top Predators in Coastal Ecosystems: New Insights from Long Term Ecological Research. Oceanography. 26(3):156-167.
Ripple W.J., Wolf C., Galetti M., Newsome T.M., Green T.L., Alamgir M, Crist E, Mahmoud M.I., Laurance W.F..  2018.  The Role of Scientists’ Warning in Shifting Policy from Growth to Conservation Economy. Bioscience. 68(4):239-240.
Ripple W.J., Larsen E.J..  2001.  The Role of Postfire Coarse Woody Debris in Aspen Regeneration.. Western North American Naturalist. 16(2):61-64.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2012.  The role of large predators in maintaining riparian plant communities and river morphology. Geomorphology. 157-158:88-98.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2006.  River channel dynamics following extirpation of wolves in northwestern Yellowstone National Park,USA.. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. 31:1525-1539.
Prugh L.R., Stoner C.J., Epps C.W., Bean W.T., Ripple W.J., Laliberte A.S., Brashares J.S..  2009.  The Rise of the Mesopredator. Bioscience. 59(9):779-791.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2016.  Riparian vegetation recovery in Yellowstone: The first two decades after wolf reintroduction. Biological Conservation. 198:93-103.
Everatt K.T., Andresen L., Ripple W.J., Kerley G.I.H..  2016.  Rhino poaching may cause atypical trophic cascades. Frontiers in Ecology and Environment. 14:65-67.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2007.  Restoring Yellowstone's aspen with wolves.. Biological Conservation. 138:514-519.
Manning A.D., Gordon I.J., Ripple W.J..  2009.  Restoring landscapes of fear with wolves in the Scottish Highlands. Biological Conservation.
Batchelor J.L., Ripple W.J., Wilson T.M., Painter L.E..  2015.  Restoration of Riparian Areas Following the Removal of Cattle in the Northwestern Great Basin. Environmental Management. 55(4):930–942.
Newsome T.M., Ballard G.A., Crowther M.S., Dellinger J.A., Fleming P.J.S., Glen A.S., Greenville A.C., Johnson C.N., Letnic M., Moseby K.E. et al..  2015.  Resolving the value of the dingo in ecological restoration. Restoration Ecology. 23(3):201-208.
Larsen E.J., Ripple W.J..  1997.  Remote Sensing of Aspen Change in Northern Yellowstone National Park..
Lindsey P.A., Chapron G., Petracca L.S., Burnham D., Hayward M.W., Henschel P., Hinks A.E., Garnett S.T., Macdonald D.W., Macdonald E.A. et al..  2017.  Relative efforts of countries to conserve world’s megafauna. Global Ecology and Conservation. 10:243–252.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2005.  Refugia from browsing as reference sites for restoration planning.. Western North American Naturalist. 65(2):269-273.
Swain M, Blomqvist L, McNamara J, Ripple W.J..  2017.  Reducing the environmental impact of global diets. Science of the Total Environment. 610-611:1207–1209.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2010.  Recovering Riparian Plant Communities with Wolves in Northern Yellowstone, USA. Restoration Ecology. 18(3):380-389.
Painter L.E., Beschta R.L., Larsen E.J., Ripple W.J..  2015.  Recovering aspen follow changing elk dynamics in Yellowstone: evidence of a trophic cascade? Ecology. 96(1):252-263.
Halofsky J.S., Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2008.  Recoupling fire and aspen recruitment after wolf reintroduction in Yellowstone National Park, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 256:1004-1008.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2005.  Rapid Assessment of Riparian Cottonwood Recruitment: Middle Fork John Day River, Northeastern Oregon.. Ecological Restoration. 23(3):150-156.
Wolf C., Ripple W.J..  2017.  Range contractions of the world’s large carnivores. R. Soc. open sci.. 4(170052)
Laliberte A.S., Ripple W.J..  2004.  Range Contractions of North American Carnivores and Ungulates.. BioScience. 54(2):123-138.
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Beschta R.L., Painter L.E., Levi T., Ripple W.J..  2016.  Long-term aspen dynamics, trophic cascades, and climate in northern Yellowstone National Park. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 46:548-556.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2006.  Linking wolves to willows via risk-sensitive foraging by ungulates in the northern Yellowstone ecosystem.. Forest Ecology and Management. 230(1-3):96-106.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2005.  Linking Wolves and Plants: Aldo Leopold on Trophic Cascades.. BioScience. 55(7):613-621.
Ripple W.J., Valkenburgh B.V..  2010.  Linking Top-down Forces to the Pleistocene Megafaunal Extinctions. BioScience. 60(7):516-526.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2006.  Linking a cougar decline, trophic cascade, and catastrophic regime shift in Zion National Park.. Biological Conservation. 133:397-408.
Halofsky J., Ripple W.J..  2008.  Linkages between wolf presence and aspen recruitment in the Gallatin elk winter range of southwestern Montana, USA.. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research. 81(2):195-207.
Letnic M., Ripple W.J..  2017.  Large-scale responses of herbivore prey to canid predators and primary productivity. Global Ecol Biogeogr.
Wolf C., Betts M.G., Levi T., Newsome T.M., Ripple W.J..  2018.  Large species within carnivora are large carnivores. Royal Society Open Science. 5:181228.
Ripple W.J., Beschta R.L..  2012.  Large predators limit herbivore densities in northern forest ecosystems. Eur J Wildl Res. 58(4)
Ripple W.J., Rooney T.P., Beschta R.L..  2010.  Large Predators, Deer, and Trophic Cascades in Boreal and Temperate Ecosystems. Trophic Cascades: Predators, Prey, and the Changing Dynamics of Nature, edited by J. Terborgh and J. Estes.. :141-161.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2009.  Large predators and trophic cascades in terrestrial ecosystems of the western United States. Biological Conservation. 142:2401-2414.
Ripple W.J., Miller S.D., Schoen J.W., Rabinowitch S.P..  2019.  Large carnivores under assault in Alaska. PLoS Biol. 17(1):e3000090.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2020.  Large carnivore extirpation linked to loss of overstory aspen in Yellowstone. Food Webs. :e00140.
Laundre J.W., Hernandez L., Ripple W.J..  2010.  The Landscape of Fear: Ecological Implications of Being Afraid. The Open Ecology Journal. 3:1-7.
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Newsome T.A., Ripple W.J..  2014.  A continental scale trophic cascade from wolves through coyotes to foxes. Journal of Animal Ecology.
Eisenberg C., Hibbs D.E., Ripple W.J., Salwasser H..  2014.  Context dependence of elk (Cervus elaphus) vigilance and wolf (Canis lupus) predation risk. Can. J. Zool. 92:727-736.
Ripple W.J., Chapron G., Lopez-Bao J.V., Durant S.M., Macdonald D.W., Lindsey P.A., Bennett E.L., Beschta R.L..  2017.  Conserving the World's Megafauna and Biodiversity: The Fierce Urgency of Now. Bioscience. 67(3):197-200.
Wirsing A.J., Ripple W.J..  2011.  A comparison of shark and wolf research reveals similar behavioral responses by prey. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 9(6):335-341.
Levi T., Hilderbrand G.V., Hocking M.D., Quinn T.P., White K.S., Adams M.S., Armstrong J.B., Crupi A.P., Darimont C.T., Deacy W. et al..  2020.  Community Ecology and Conservation of Bear-Salmon Ecosystems. Front. Ecol. Evol.
Ripple W.J., Smith P., Haberl H., Montzka S.A., McAlpine C., Boucher D.H..  2014.  Commentary: Ruminants, climate change and climate policy. Nature Climate Change. 4:2-5.
Ripple W.J., Newsome T.M., Wolf C., Dirzo R., Everatt K.T., Galetti M., Hayward M.W., Kerley G.I.H., Levi T., Lindsey P.A. et al..  2015.  Collapse of the world's largest herbivores. Science Advances. 1(4)
van Eeden LM, Eklund A, Miller J.R.B., Lopez-Bao J.V., Chapron G., Cejtin M.R., Crowther M.S., Dickman C.R., Frank J., Krofel M et al..  2018.  Carnivore conservation needs evidence based livestock protection. PLoS Biol. 16(9):e2005577.
Newsome T.M., Ripple W.J..  2015.  Carnivore coexistence: Trophic cascades. Science. 347:383-383.
Buotte P.C., Law B.E., Ripple W.J., Berner L.T..  2020.  Carbon sequestration and biodiversity co-benefits of preserving forests in the western United States. Ecological Applications. 30(2):e02039.
Hayek MN, Harwatt H, Ripple W.J., Mueller ND.  2021.  The carbon opportunity cost of animal-sourced food production on land. Nature Sustainability. 4:21-24.
Ripple W.J., Wirsing A.J., Beschta R.L., Buskirk S.W..  2011.  Can Restoring Wolves Aid in Lynx Recovery? Wildlife Society Bulletin. 35(4):514-518.
Beschta R.L., Ripple W.J..  2019.  Can large carnivores change streams via a trophic cascade? Ecohydrology. 12(1):e2048.